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    Category: Lawn Treatment


    Lawn Treatments Southern Green Chemical Lawn Care - May 23, 2019 by admin

    With many years of experience in the industry, the staff at our lawn company has the knowledge and skills necessary to provide you with the lawn treatment services you need to keep your lawn looking amazing. Whether its weed control, lawn care aeration, or lawn insect control, our specialists are always looking out for what is best for your property. We manage every facet of keeping your turf lush and vibrant, with the exception of cutting the grass.

    Southern Green specializes in providing you with a time-proven lawn treatment program that is specifically designed to suit your lawns exact needs. No two lawns are exactly alike, which means anyone trying to offer you a cookie-cutter solution is going to end up doing more harm to your property than good. These services are available to customers located throughout the communities of Jacksonville, Tampa, Orlando, as well as South Florida from Miami to Palm Beach Gardens.

    Our lawn is constantly changing; each season offers a new set of challenges that can keep your lawn from being the healthy, green lawn that it could and should be. Bugs, weeds, too much or not enough rain, and diseases can run wild on your lawn, causing much havoc. Luckily, our lawn treatment services are here to help you overcome these obstacles so you can enjoy the beautiful lawn you deserve.

    The well-trained technicians at our company are ready to diagnose and solve your lawn issues. Dont deal with pre-made mixes used by many national chains. Not every lawn requires the same applications, which is why we analyze your property to ensure the treatment we use is optimized for your yards precise needs. The different lawn treatment services we provide include:

    Personalized lawn treatment programs are the only way for homeowners to accomplish the landscaping goals they have in mind. The only way to find out what your lawn needs is to receive an analysis from the specialists at our lawn company. This allows us to get a comprehensive understanding of your lawn so we can help you on the path toward your dream yard.

    Furthermore, it isnt just our goal to provide you with a personalized treatment program using only the highest-quality products available, but also to advise and help you to properly maintain your yard to avoid potential issues in the future. From watering your plants to teaching you correct mowing practices, our specialists make sure you have all of the knowledge you need to keep your property looking great throughout the entire year.

    Floridas agreeable climate makes it a popular place to live and playfor both humans and lawn pests. Our friendly staff is at the ready to defend your lawn from being consumed by turf-destroying chinch bugs. We offer lawn pest control in Tampa, FL, as well as Jacksonville, Orlando, and South Florida.

    Beyond chinch bugs and ants, our experienced technicians are skilled in the elimination and control of a variety of outdoor pests. Depend on our professionals for treatments that guard your lawn from any pest that tries to set up residence, including:

    For many of us, a healthy, green lawn is a source of pride and a symbol of hard work that reflects a significant investment of time and money. To protect this investment year-round, keep your turf lush and vibrant with our seasonal fertilizer applications.

    Rely on our professionals to determine the proper balance of micro-nutrientsincluding boron, iron, and zincthat boost or maintain the health of your grass. Our treatments increase your lawns natural resistance to weeds, insects, and diseases while encouraging proper growth, color, and beauty. With the help of our exceptional lawn fertilization and micronutrient treatments, you can rid yourself of crab grass, dollar weeds, and other unwanted lawn issues.

    Contact our lawn disease maintenance specialists when you want to help your lawn remain healthy and attractive. We offer lawn care services in Jacksonville, FL, as well as Tampa, Orlando, Miami, and Jupiter.

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    Lawn Treatments Southern Green Chemical Lawn Care

    Lawn Care Northern VA: Organic Based Lawn Treatment Services - May 23, 2019 by admin

    I would like you to know how dedicated and professional I believe our lawn care technician to be. Through the years we have used several lawn care companies and I can assure you that no one has been nearly as conscientious about our lawn as our technician, and we greatly appreciate this kind of service.

    Suzanna Gatlin Northern VA

    I wanted to let you know how much we like your service and especially the polite, friendly gentleman who comes to work on our lawn. He is just terrific. He always knocks on the door to see if I have any questions about what he is going to do. He really goes the extra mile, and I wanted you to know you couldn't ask for a better representative of your company out in the public. Thank you for NaturaLawn of America and thank you for our technician!

    Alison Dyer Northern, VA

    Your technician Troy has done a miraculous job on our lawn! We've gone from rampant dandelions and brown spots to no weeds and a beautiful green lawn! Please let me know if you need any referrals, we are very happy clients!

    Becky Makarita Northern, VA

    This letter is to thank NaturaLawn of America, and in particular, our technician, for the outstanding service provided to us since we have been customers with your company. Unfortunately, we have sold our home, and are moving. We are leaving the information concerning NaturaLawn of America with the family who bought our house. Our lawn looks fantastic, and we owe it to your company, and to our tech! He provided courteous, thorough service to us, and helpful hints on how to preserve our lawn in-between appointments. Our best wishes to you and your company.

    Frank & Karen Sheffield Northern VA

    I wanted to say a very special thanks to the technicians that worked on my yard this year! I wanted you to know that your hard work during the long and tough drought this summer allowed my yard to keep its green color and thickness, and I am very grateful for all the informational tips you passed on to me throughout the year.

    Gerard Myatt Northern VA

    Hats off to our technician, he does an excellent job and is a good representative of your company!

    Joe Mafresh Springfield, VA

    Please thank your technician for clearing the driveway and walkway of leaves-it was appreciated!

    Ed Long McLean, VA

    My lawn looks the best it ever has. I signed up because you do the proper soil testing to guide the lawn food applications, saving runoff into the silt pond downstream from my house. All personnel have always been polite, professional, and knowledgeable.

    Terry Gonyaw Gainesville, VA

    We are thoroughly pleased with your services.

    Charlie & Addie Parker Northern, VA

    Many, many thanks for all the wonderful service we received from you these last ten years. As of tomorrow, our Fairfax home will no longer be ours. We will give the new owner your name and our recommendation. Thank you very much.

    Sue Golan Fairfax, VA

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    Lawn Care Northern VA: Organic Based Lawn Treatment Services

    A Guide To Spring Lawn Feed & Care | Love The Garden - March 31, 2019 by admin

    A simple spring lawn care programme will give you a lawn to be proud of, keep it in perfect condition and make friends and neighbours green with envy making you their go to for garden advice.

    The secrets of success to effective spring lawn care are:

    The most important lawn care job for a fantastic lawn is correct and regularmowing. You need to cut the grass whenever it is growing which is likely to be weekly or even more frequently as the weather warms up in spring.

    The aim should be to keep it at the same height all through spring. For most lawns this should be about 2.5-4cm (1-1.5in) high. For lawns that take a lot of wear and tear the height is better raised to 5cm (2in). For very shaded areas, mow at a height of 7.5cm (3in).

    Mowing too short and, as a consequence weakening the grass, is the quickest and easiest way of allowing weeds and moss to become established and spoiling the lawn.

    Next on the priority list is feeding the grass, and feeding the right lawn food at the right timewill produce a lawn to boast about.

    A good feed with a lawn fertiliser, not only makes the grass greener, but it makes it grow thicker and increases its strength, vigour and health so it is more robust and better equipped to compete with weeds, moss and weather-related stresses. In spring, the best results are achieved by using a granular feed that supplies a regular amount of nutrients over several weeks.

    To feed and control weeds & moss in the lawn during spring, use a lawn product such as Miracle Gro EverGreen Complete 4 in 1. On weed and moss free lawns or to give a quick fix and green up, use just a straight lawn food product such asMiracle Gro EverGreen Extreme Green, these won't make any mention of weed or moss control.

    When using a granular lawn feed it is important to apply it evenly over the whole lawn at the recommended rate. The easy way to do this is to use a lawn spreader, such as the built-in spreader in the smaller sizes or use a wheeled spreaderon larger lawns.

    If you feed the lawn again in 6 weeks time it will remain strong and healthy all summer.

    Lawn weeds are a major headache that can stop you fully enjoying your lawn. A strong, healthy and well-fed lawn will be able to deal with weeds and moss far better than one that isnt fed and looked after properly.

    But where weeds and moss are a problem you need to deal with them quickly. If you just have weeds but no moss, then you can quickly treat your lawn with a liquid lawn weedkiller. These products contain special ingredients that, when appied in accordance with the instructions, won't cause any damage to your lawn grasses but will control most broad-leaved weeds. If you only have moss but no weeds then there are lawn moss killers available, most will also contain a feed so it will green up your lawn as it kills the moss - bear in mind the moss will turn black as it dies so you may not want to do this just before a party!

    For lawns with weeds and moss problems then the solution is also simple, use a granular lawn product containing feeding, weed control and moss control ingredients. Our selection of lawn care products can be viewed here.

    After the ravages of winter, many lawns have bare areas that not only look unsightly, but are perfect places for weeds and moss to take hold. Give your lawn a treat by giving it the once over with a lawn patch repair product. The best products in the market will have a combination of grass seed, coir and slow-release feed and will cover bare patches in no time at all producing a thick grass covering of the bare area.

    Or, where dogs have caused the bare areas, repair the damage with a special blend of salt tolerant grass seeds and a neutraliser to make the ground suitable for grass to grow in again. Use a product such as Miracle-Gro Patch Magic Dog Spot Repair.

    Every year up to a quarter of the grass in the lawn can die, more after a cold, wet winter. Overseeding sowing new grass seed into the existing lawn can rejuvenate the lawn and bring it back to life.

    Overseeding improves the lawns appearance and by increasing the density of the grass you will also reduce weed and moss invasion.

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    A Guide To Spring Lawn Feed & Care | Love The Garden

    Tampa Lawn Care ServicesGreen Solutions LPC - March 31, 2019 by admin

    Most people know that lawn care is a time consuming affair, especially if you are trying to do it all yourself while living your day-to-day life. Maintaining a healthy, green lawn and well-manicured landscape can be overwhelming! It takes a lot of time to learn how to properly maintain your lawn and shrubs, and without the proper knowledge, youll often spend long hours on maintenance without attaining your desired results. This is where a professional Tampa lawn care service can help you achieve the desired results that you are looking for. Finding the right lawn care company in Tampa Bay is not always an easy task. With so many lawn care companies out there offering their excellent service, who can you trust? You can trust the experts at Green Solutions Lawn Care to take care of all of your lawn care, lawn maintenance and shrub care needs.

    Green Solutions been providing exceptional service to our customers for many years, and that is why we are known as number one in the industry throughout the area of Tampa, Florida. We offer a full array of lawn, pest, plant disease, zoisa grass, weed control and specialized fertilization services to meet your landscapes specific needs. We can set you up with a worry-free, regular lawn maintenance program and design a customized lawn treatment that will be the most beneficial for your specific lawn type.

    If youre looking to simply clean up your lawn and keep your grass cut, or youre looking to achieve a healthy lawn with perfectly prunedd plants, we have the Tampa lawn care services that you are looking for. At Green Solutions, we provide: turf damage repair, lawn insect control, lawn fungus control, ornamental plant care, shrub care and lawn moving services. We can have your yard looking exactly how youd like and we will sit down with you to discuss what you are looking to gain from our lawn care services today.

    By using our lawn services, your shrubs will be blooming like never before, and your grass will be at its healthiest state. We use a specialized fertilizer that not only helps your shrubs and grass to thrive, but keeps pests away, which are a common cause for many lawn related problems. You dont have to look around trying to find the best company for your lawn care needs; because we have everything you need and back up our services with a guarantee that you will be satisfied with the end result. Why take your time trying to find the best lawn care service and maintenance company for your needs when you can choose a company with a reputation we are proud of. Who better to maintain and care for your prized lawn than Tampas number one pest control, lawn care and lawn maintenance company green Solutions.

    If you are looking for results and a lawn that you will feel proud of, call us today to request more information. We will be happy to provide you with a free consultation with Floridas best lawn care and pest control specialists. Dont waste another day without the beautiful lawn you deserve! Contact us so we can start working hard for you.

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    Tampa Lawn Care ServicesGreen Solutions LPC

    Lawn Care Birmingham AL | Mighty Green Lawn Care - March 22, 2019 by admin

    Did you know that your lawn and landscape is one of your largest uninsured assets? Having a good looking lawn adds to the value of your home and gives your property great curb appeal. Mighty Green Lawn Care is your trusted Birmingham lawn treatment service and will give your lawn, trees and shrubs the nutrients they need to stay healthy and beautiful, while giving you peace of mind knowing it is being done the right way.

    Here at Mighty Green Lawn Care we are dedicated to mastering the art of delivering and maintaining a healthy, green, weed free lawn. You supply the mowing and watering and we'll do the rest. We use only professional grade fertilizers along with our proven agronomic programs and years of experience to give your lawn, trees and shrubs the nutrients they need to stay healthy year round. Whether its for a residential lawn, commercial property, sports turf or any place else you have in mind for a beautiful, lush lawn and landscape, Mighty Green can give you great results and maintain the look you desire.

    Our proven techniques are intended to deliver first-class lawn care and are modified to the changing weather conditions year to year. This way, you are assured your grass receives what it needs, when it needs it. When bugs, bad weather, foot traffic, or lawn furniture has your grass looking unhealthy and sparse, contact our Birmingham, AL lawn carespecialists.

    If you are in need of affordable and dependable lawn treatment services, you have come to the right place. We are proud of how we provide our customers with quick professional work. Whether you have a small or large project, our team provides warm and personalized customer service. Our objective is to create the most beautiful lawns and well-maintained properties in Birmingham, AL and the surrounding areas.

    We also take care of any details of the upkeep and care of your lawn. Our lawn care contractors are committed to giving unmatched politeness, punctuality, and value. We are locally owned and operated, and our staff takes pride in altering our lawn care treatment services to fit your needs and price range. Our team has the training, knowledge, and experience to uphold incredible lawns, trees, and shrubs.

    Our lawn care contractors are dedicated to meeting every request you have and doing so with honesty. If you find yourself asking what is the top lawn treatment service near me? the answer is simple: Mighty Green Lawn Care.

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    Lawn Care Birmingham AL | Mighty Green Lawn Care

    Lawn Lime Treatment: Should You Add Lime To Your Lawn? - March 7, 2019 by admin

    Depending upon where you live, adding a lawn lime treatment to your lawn is as necessary as adding fertilizer or even mowing it on a regular basis. Unless the pH of the soil is determined by a soil test, the fertilizer you apply may provide little benefit to the lawn. If your soil is too acidic, meaning that the pH is below 6.5, the fertilizer is not properly utilized by the grass plant and the lawn will appear weak and have a dull green to yellow color.

    The soil in some areas of the US is naturally acidic, so adding lime every year is a necessity. For other parts of the country, having a soil test will help determine if lime is needed to counteract acidic soil or sulfur is needed to correct soil that is too alkaline. The most common soil pH problem involves the soil being too acidic.

    There is other valuable information that you can learn from a soil test beside the pH level, such as the amount of phosphorus and potassium that the soil contains. There may be a situation where the addition of supplemental nutrients is necessary. The other reason for determining the pH of the soil is that applying lime to a lawn that has a high pH can harm the lawn instead of helping it. If the soil test of the lawn shows it to be very acidic, yearly tests may be necessary.

    A lawn lime treatment can be applied at any time of the year, but spring and fall are probably the best times to apply it. The main reason to do so is that is when the most rain fall occurs. An added benefit for a fall application, is the normal freeze and thaw cycles help break down the lime and allow it to work faster.

    If your lawn does not seem to respond to fertilizer applications and appears weak and has a dull color, contact your neighborhood lawn care professional at Spring-Green. They can advise on the best practices to help ensure a healthy, green lawn, including soil samples and lawn lime treatment applications.

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    Lawn Lime Treatment: Should You Add Lime To Your Lawn?

    Lime Lawn Treatment – When And How To Lime A Yard - March 7, 2019 by admin

    Most types of lawn grass grows best in slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6 and 7. If your soil pH is below 5.5, your lawn wont grow well. Dont expect an extra application of fertilizer to help because highly acidic soil cant absorb nutrients effectively.

    Do you need to lime your lawn grass? Heres a hint that may help you determine if you need lime lawn treatment: If you live in a dry, desert climate, theres a chance your soil is alkaline and you may not need to lime your lawn grass. If you live a rainy area where acid-loving plants such as rhododendrons and camellias thrive, your soil is likely acidic and may benefit from lime lawn treatment.

    The only way to find out for sure is to take a soil test (Inexpensive tests are available at garden centers.). Liming a lawn that doesnt need it is a waste of time and money, and liming soil that is already highly alkaline may affect soil health and result in a sickly, yellow lawn.

    Test every year to be sure you arent adding too much lime. Once the proper pH is established, you will probably need to lime only once every few years.

    Spring is a great time to test your soil, and you can apply lime between fall and early spring. Many gardeners prefer to lime just before the first frost in fall because the soil has all winter to absorb the lime. Dont spread lime on a dry, wilted lawn or a soggy, wet lawn. Dont lime during frosty weather.

    If you havent planted grass seed yet, apply lime to the soil just before you plant. You can learn more about lime lawn treatment and the best time to lime a lawn here: https://gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/soil-fertilizers/adding-lime-to-soil.htm

    Before you begin, a few liming lawn tips should be considered.

    There are several types of lime and your local garden center can help you determine the best type for your grass, soil type and climate. However, most gardeners find that pellet forms are easier to apply than powders. Once youve decided on the best type of lawn, refer to the label to determine the proper amount, which will depend largely on your soil pH.

    Depending on the type of lime, you can use a drop-style or rotary spreader. A spreader is the best tool for applying lime. Apply half of the recommended amount of lime by walking back and forth horizontally with the spreader, then add the second half by walking vertically. This way, your criss-cross pattern ensures the grass is evenly and completely covered.

    Water lightly after your lime lawn treatment to help the soil absorb the lime.

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    Lime Lawn Treatment - When And How To Lime A Yard

    The 10 Best Lawn Care Services Near Me (with Free Quotes) - March 7, 2019 by admin

    If youd like to get regular mowingor just a one-time clean up, you need to hire the right residential or commercial lawn care provider for your yardwork, your search is over. HomeGuide can find you the right lawn care professional.

    With the varying weather conditions over the years, your lawn needs the touch of a lawn master to keep up with the changing demands of your grass and soil. Lawn aeration, lawn fertilizing, lawn seeding, lawn treatment a specialist will know whats needed and when. Not only that, HomeGuidehas professionals ready to do lawnmower repair, mulching, sprinkler system repair, gutter installation, weeding, and more.

    The times of looking at twenty websites to find the perfect fit are over. Simply tell us what you need, and within a few hours well match you with a list of suggested lawn care maintenance specialists, as well as their contact info and estimates. The rest is in your hands.

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    The 10 Best Lawn Care Services Near Me (with Free Quotes)

    Lawn Grubs | Tell-tale Signs of Infestation and Treatment - February 4, 2019 by admin

    There are several types of pests that are commonly referred to as Lawn Grubs. It is worth noting that Fescue, Kikuyu and Couch grasses are more susceptible to major damage from infestations of lawn grubs, while buffalo species including Sir Walter Buffalo are more tolerant to infestation and will spring back from any damage far better than other grass varieties.

    Root feeding grubs are the larvae of various species of scarab beetles, including Japanese beetles, June Bugs or cockchafers. Often referred to as white curl grubs, they have a soft, C-shaped body with legs near the head. They are sometimes incorrectly identified as witchetty grubs. Root feeding grubs live under the surface of the soil, feeding on the roots of the grass (and organic matter in the soil), resulting in damage to the structure of the lawn and causing sections of the lawn to die. The grubs are most prolific during the summer months, before becoming adult beetles over the cooler months. They emerge from soil to mate and lay eggs during Spring which hatch into more grubs and so the cycle continues.

    Surface dwelling lawn grubs are the larvae of moths, and include species such as sod webworm, armyworm and cutworm. These caterpillar-like grubs feed on the leaves of the lawn during the night causing damage to the surface of the lawn which may present as brown patches.

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    Lawn Grubs | Tell-tale Signs of Infestation and Treatment

    Lawn – Wikipedia - January 29, 2019 by admin

    A lawn is an area of soil-covered land planted with grasses and other durable plants such as clover which are maintained at a short height with a lawnmower (or sometimes grazing animals) and used for aesthetic and recreational purposes. Common characteristics of a lawn are that it is composed only of grass species, it is subject to weed and pest control, it is subject to practices aimed at maintaining its green color (e.g., watering), and it is regularly mowed to ensure an acceptable length,[1] although these characteristics are not binding as a definition. Lawns are used around houses, apartments, commercial buildings and offices. Many city parks also have large lawn areas. In recreational contexts, the specialised names turf, pitch, field or green may be used, depending on the sport and the continent.

    The term "lawn", referring to a managed grass space, dates to no earlier than the 16th century. Tied to suburban expansion and the creation of the household aesthetic, the lawn is an important aspect of the interaction between the natural environment and the constructed urban and suburban space.[2]In many[clarification needed] suburban areas, there are bylaws in place requiring houses to have lawns and requiring the proper maintenance of these lawns. In some jurisdictions where there are water shortages, local government authorities are encouraging alternatives to lawns to reduce water use.

    Lawn is a cognate of llan which is derived from the Common Brittonic word landa (Old French: launde) that originally means heath, barren land, or clearing.[3][4]

    Lawns may have originated as grassed enclosures within early medieval settlements used for communal grazing of livestock, as distinct from fields reserved for agriculture. The word "laune" is first attested in 1540,[5] and is likely related to the Celtic Brythonic word lan/llan/laun, which has the meaning of enclosure, often in relation to a place of worship.

    Lawns became popular with the aristocracy in northern Europe from the Middle Ages onward. The early lawns were not always distinguishable from pasture fields. The damp climate of maritime Western Europe in the north made lawns possible to grow and manage. They were not a part of gardens in other regions and cultures of the world until contemporary influence.[6]

    Before the invention of mowing machines in 1830, lawns were managed very differently. They were an element of wealthy estates and manor houses, and in some places were maintained by the labor-intensive methods of scything and shearing. In most situations, they were also pasture land maintained through grazing by sheep or other livestock. Areas of grass grazed regularly by rabbits, horses or sheep over a long period often form a very low, tight sward similar to a modern lawn. This was the original meaning of the word "lawn", and the term can still be found in place names. Some forest areas where extensive grazing is practiced still have these seminatural lawns. For example, in the New Forest, England, such grazed areas are common, and are known as lawns, for example Balmer Lawn. Lawns similar to those of today first appeared in France and England in the 1700s when Andr Le Ntre designed the gardens of Versailles that included a small area of grass called the tapis vert, or "green carpet".

    It was not until the 17th and 18th century that the garden and the lawn became a place created first as walkways and social areas. They were made up of meadow plants, such as camomile, a particular favorite. In the early 17th century, the Jacobean epoch of gardening began; during this period, the closely cut "English" lawn was born. By the end of this period, the English lawn was a symbol of status of the aristocracy and gentry; it showed that the owner could afford to keep land that was not being used for a building, or for food production.

    In the early 18th century, landscape gardening for the aristocracy entered a golden age, under the direction of William Kent and Lancelot "Capability" Brown. They refined the English landscape garden style with the design of natural, or "romantic", estate settings for wealthy Englishmen.[7] Brown, remembered as "England's greatest gardener", designed over 170 parks, many of which still endure. His influence was so great that the contributions to the English garden made by his predecessors Charles Bridgeman and William Kent are often overlooked.[8]

    His work still endures at Croome Court (where he also designed the house), Blenheim Palace, Warwick Castle, Harewood House, Bowood House, Milton Abbey (and nearby Milton Abbas village), in traces at Kew Gardens and many other locations.[9] His style of smooth undulating lawns which ran seamlessly to the house and meadow, clumps, belts and scattering of trees and his serpentine lakes formed by invisibly damming small rivers, were a new style within the English landscape, a "gardenless" form of landscape gardening, which swept away almost all the remnants of previous formally patterned styles. His landscapes were fundamentally different from what they replaced, the well-known formal gardens of England which were criticised by Alexander Pope and others from the 1710s.[10]

    The open "English style" of parkland first spread across Britain and Ireland, and then across Europe, such as the garden la franaise being replaced by the French landscape garden. By this time, the word "lawn" in England had semantically shifted to describe a piece of a garden covered with grass and closely mown.[11] Wealthy families in America during the late 18th century also began mimicking English landscaping styles. In 1780, the Shaker community began the first industrial production of high-quality grass seed in North America, and a number of seed companies and nurseries were founded in Philadelphia. The increased availability of these grasses meant they were in plentiful supply for parks and residential areas, not just livestock.[11]

    Thomas Jefferson has long been given credit for being the first person to attempt an English-style lawn at his estate, Monticello, in 1806, but many others had tried to emulate English landscaping before he did. Over time, an increasing number towns in New England began to emphasize grass spaces. Many scholars link this development to the romantic and transcendentalist movements of the 19th century. These green commons were also heavily associated with the success of the Revolutionary War and often became the homes of patriotic war memorials after the Civil War ended in 1865.[11]

    Before the mechanical lawnmower, the upkeep of lawns was possible only for the extremely wealthy estates and manor houses of the aristocracy. Labor-intensive methods of scything and shearing the grass were required to maintain the lawn in its correct state, and most of the land in England was required for more functional, agricultural purposes.

    This all changed with the invention of the lawnmower by Edwin Beard Budding in 1830.Budding had the idea for a lawnmower after seeing a machine in a local cloth mill which used a cutting cylinder (or bladed reel) mounted on a bench to trim the irregular nap from the surface of woollen cloth and give a smooth finish.[12] Budding realised that a similar device could be used to cut grass if the mechanism was mounted in a wheeled frame to make the blades rotate close to the lawn's surface. His mower design was to be used primarily to cut the lawn on sports grounds and extensive gardens, as a superior alternative to the scythe, and he was granted a British patent on 31 August 1830.[13]

    Budding went into partnership with a local engineer, John Ferrabee, who paid the costs of development and acquired rights to manufacture and sell lawn mowers and to license other manufacturers. Together they made mowers in a factory at Thrupp near Stroud.[14] Among the other companies manufacturing under license the most successful was Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies of Ipswich which began mower production as early as 1832.[15]

    However, his model had two crucial drawbacks. It was immensely heavy (it was made of cast iron) and difficult to manoeuvre in the garden, and did not cut the grass very well. The blade would often spin above the grass uselessly.[15] It took ten more years and further innovations, including the advent of the Bessemer process for the production of the much lighter alloy steel and advances in motorization such as the drive chain, for the lawnmower to become a practical proposition. Middle-class families across the country, in imitation of aristocratic landscape gardens, began to grow finely trimmed lawns in their back gardens.

    In the 1850s, Thomas Green of Leeds introduced a revolutionary mower design called the Silens Messor (meaning silent cutter), which used a chain to transmit power from the rear roller to the cutting cylinder. The machine was much lighter and quieter than the gear driven machines that preceded them, and won first prize at the first lawn mower trial at the London Horticultural Gardens.[15] Thus began a great expansion in the lawn mower production in the 1860s. James Sumner of Lancashire patented the first steam-powered lawn mower in 1893.[16] Around 1900, Ransomes' Automaton, available in chain- or gear-driven models, dominated the British market. In 1902, Ransomes produced the first commercially available mower powered by an internal combustion gasoline engine. JP Engineering of Leicester, founded after World War I, invented the first riding mowers.

    This went hand-in-hand with a booming consumer market for lawns from the 1860s onward. With the increasing popularity of sports in the mid-Victorian period, the lawn mower was used to craft modern-style sporting ovals, playing fields, pitches and grass courts for the nascent sports of football, lawn bowls, lawn tennis and others.[17] The rise of Suburbanisation in the interwar period was heavily influenced by the garden city movement of Ebenezer Howard and the creation of the first garden suburbs at the turn of the 20th century.[18] The garden suburb, developed through the efforts of social reformer Henrietta Barnett and her husband, exemplified the incorporation of the well manicured lawn into suburban life.[19] Suburbs dramatically increased in size. Harrow Weald went from just 1,500 to over 10,000 while Pinner jumped from 3,00 to over 20,000. During the 1930s, over 4 million new suburban houses were built and the 'suburban revolution' had made England the most heavily suburbanized country in the world by a considerable margin.[20]

    Lawns began to proliferate in America from the 1870s onwards. As more plants were introduced from Europe, lawns became smaller as they were filled with flower beds, perennials, sculptures, and water features.[21] Eventually the wealthy began to move away from the cities into new suburban communities. In 1856, an architectural book was published to accompany the development of the new suburbia that placed importance on the availability of a grassy space for children to play on and a space to grow fruits and vegetables that further imbued the lawn with cultural importance.[11] Lawns began making more appearances in development plans, magazine articles, and catalogs.[22] The lawn became less associated with being a status symbol, instead giving way to a landscape aesthetic. Improvements in the lawn mower and water supply enabled the spread of lawn culture from the Northeast to the South where the grass grew more poorly.[11] This in combination with setback rules which required all homes to have a 30-foot gap between the structure and the sidewalk meant that the lawn had found a specific place in suburbia.[21]

    Prior to European colonization, the grasses on the East Coast of North America were mostly broom straw, wild rye, and marsh grass. As Europeans moved into the region, it was noted by colonists in New England, more than others, that the grasses of the New World were inferior to those of England and that their livestock seemed to receive less nutrition from it. In fact, once livestock brought overseas from Europe spread throughout the colonies, much of the native grasses of New England disappeared, and an inventory list from the 17th century noted supplies of clover and grass seed from England. New colonists were even urged by their country and companies to bring grass seed with them to North America. By the late 17th century, a new market in imported grass seed had begun in New England.[11]

    Much of the new grasses brought by Europeans spread quickly and effectively, often ahead of the colonists. One such species, Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon), became the most important pasture grass for the southern colonies.

    Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a grass native to Europe or the Middle East. It was likely carried to Midwestern United States in the early 1600s by French missionaries and spread via the waterways to the region around Kentucky. However, it may also have spread across the Appalachian mountains after an introduction on the east coast. Kentucky Bluegrass is now one of the top three pasture grasses in the United States and the most desirable species of grass for lawns.

    Farmers at first continued to harvest meadows and marshes composed of indigenous grasses until they became overgrazed. These areas quickly fell to erosion and were overrun with less favorable plant life. Soon, farmers began to purposefully plant new species of grass in these areas, hoping to improve the quality and quantity of hay to provide for their livestock as native species had a lower nutritive value. While Middle Eastern and Europeans species of grass did extremely well on the East Coast of North America, it was a number of grasses from the Mediterranean that dominated the Western seaboard. As cultivated grasses became valued for their nutritional benefits to livestock, farmers relied less and less on natural meadows in the more colonized areas of the country. Eventually even the grasses of the Great Plains were overrun with European species that were more durable to the grazing patterns of imported livestock.[11]A pivotal factor in the spread of the lawn in America was the passage of legislation in 1938 of the 40-hour work week. Until then, Americans had typically worked half days on Saturdays, leaving little time to focus on their lawns. With this legislation and the housing boom following the Second World War, managed grass spaces became more commonplace.[21] The creation in the early 20th century of country clubs and golf courses completed the rise of lawn culture.[11]

    According to study based on satellite observations by Cristina Milesi, NASA Earth System Science, its estimates: "More surface area in the United States is devoted to lawns than to individual irrigated crops such as corn or wheat.... area, covering about 128,000 square kilometers in all".[23]

    Lawn monoculture was a reflection of more than an interest in offsetting depreciation, it propagated the homogeneity of the suburb itself. Although lawns had been a recognizable feature in English residences since the 19th century, a revolution in industrialization and monoculture of the lawn since the Second World War fundamentally changed the ecology of the lawn. Intensive suburbanization both concentrated and expanded the spread of lawn maintenance which meant increased inputs in not only petrochemicals, fertilizers, and pesticides, but also natural resources like water.[2][11][21]

    Front lawns became standardized in the 1930s when, over time, specific aspects such as grass type and maintenance methods became popular. The lawn-care industry boomed, but the Great Depression of the 1930s and in the period prior to World War II made it difficult to maintain the cultural standards that had become heavily associated with the lawn due to grass seed shortages in Europe, America's main supplier. Still, seed distributors such as Scotts Miracle-Gro Company in the United States encouraged families to continue to maintain their lawns, promoting it as a stress-relieving hobby. During the war itself, homeowners were asked to maintain the appearances of the home front, likely as a show of strength, morale, and solidarity. After World War II, the lawn aesthetic once again became a standard feature of North America, bouncing back from its minor decline in the decades before with a vengeance, particularly as a result of the housing and population boom post-war.[11]

    The VA loan in the United States let American ex-servicemen buy homes without providing a down payment, while the Federal Housing Administration offered lender inducements that aided the reduction of down payments for the average American from 30% to as little as 10%. These developments made owning your own home cheaper than renting, further enabling the spread of suburbia and its lawns.[21]

    Levittown, New York was the beginning of the industrial suburb in the 20th Century, and by proxy the industrial lawn. Between 1947 and 1951, Abraham Levitt and his sons built more than seventeen thousand homes, each with its own lawn. Abraham Levitt wrote "No single feature of a suburban residential community contributes as much to the charm and beauty of the individual home and the locality as well-kept lawns". Landscaping was one of the most important factors in Levittown's success - and no feature was more prominent than the lawn. The Levitts understood that landscaping could add to the appeal of their developments and claimed that, "increase in values are most often found in neighborhoods where lawns show as green carpets" and that, over the years, "lawns trees and shrubs become more valuable both esthetically and monetarily".[24] During 1948, the first spring that Levittown had enjoyed, Levitt and Sons fertilized and reseeded all of the lawns free of charge.[21]

    The economic recession that began in 2008 has resulted in many communities worldwide to dig up their lawns and plant fruit and vegetable gardens[citation needed]. This has the potential to greatly change cultural values attached to the lawn, as they are increasingly viewed as environmentally and economically unviable in the modern context.[25]

    The appearance of the lawn in Australia followed closely after its establishment in North America and parts of Europe. Lawn was established on the so-called "nature strip" by the 1920s and was common throughout the developing suburbs of Australia. This term is uniquely Australian, alluding, perhaps, to man's desire to control nature. By the 1950s, the Australian-designed Victa lawn mower was being used by the many people who had turned pastures into lawn and was also being exported to dozens of countries.[26] Prior to the 1970s, all brush and native species were stripped from a development site and replaced with lawns that utilized imported plant species. Since the 1970s there has been an interest in using indigenous species for lawns, especially considering their lower water requirements.[27] Lawns are also established in garden areas as well as used for the surface of sporting fields.

    Over time, with consideration to the frequency of droughts in Australia, the movement towards "naturalism", or the use of indigenous plant species in yards, was beneficial. These grasses were more drought resistant than their European counterparts, and many who wished to keep their lawns switched to these alternatives or allowed their green carpets to revert to the indigenous scrub in an effort to reduce the strain on water supplies.[25] However, lawns remain a popular surface and their practical and aesthetically pleasing appearance reduces the use of water-impervious surfaces such as concrete. The growing use of rainwater storage tanks has improved the ability to maintain them.

    Following recent droughts, Australia has seen a change to predominately warm-season turfgrasses, particularly in the southern states like New South Wales and Victoria which are predominately temperate climates within urban regions. The more drought tolerant grasses have been chosen by councils and homeowners for the choice of using less water compared to cool-season turfgrasses like fescue and ryegrass. Mild dormancy seems to be of little concern when high-profile areas can be oversown for short periods or nowadays, turf colourants (fake green) are extremely popular.

    Lawns are a common feature of private gardens, public landscapes and parks in many parts of the world. They are created for aesthetic pleasure, as well as for sports or other outdoor recreational use. Lawns are useful as a playing surface both because they mitigate erosion and dust generated by intensive foot traffic and because they provide a cushion for players in sports such as rugby, football, soccer, cricket, baseball, golf, tennis, hockey and lawn bocce.

    Lawns and the resulting lawn clipping waste can be used as an ingredient in making compost and is also viewed as fodder, used in the production of lawn clipping silage which is fed to livestock[28][29] as a sustainable feed source.

    Lawns need not be, and have not always been, made up of grasses alone. Other plants for lawn-like usable garden areas are sedges, low herbs and wildflowers, and ground covers that can be walked upon.

    Thousands of varieties of grasses and grasslike plants are used for lawns, each adapted to specific conditions of precipitation and irrigation, seasonal temperatures, and sun/shade tolerances. Plant hybridizers and botanists are constantly creating and finding improved varieties of the basic species and new ones, often more economical and environmentally sustainable by needing less water, fertilizer, pest and disease treatments, and maintenance. The three basic categories are cool season grasses, warm season grasses, and grass alternatives.

    Many different species of grass are currently used, depending on the intended use and the climate. Coarse grasses are used where active sports are played, and finer grasses are used for ornamental lawns for their visual effects. Some grasses are adapted to oceanic climates with cooler summers, and others to tropical and continental climates with hotter summers. Often, a mix of grass or low plant types is used to form a stronger lawn when one type does better in the warmer seasons and the other in the colder ones. This mixing is taken further by a form of grass breeding which produces what are known as cultivars. A cultivar is a cross-breed of two different varieties of grass and aims to combine certain traits taken from each individual breed. This creates a new strain which can be very specialised, suited to a particular environment, such as low water, low light or low nutrient.

    Diagram of a typical lawn grass plant

    Cool season grasses start growth at 5C (41F), and grow at their fastest rate when temperatures are between 10C (50F) and 25C (77F), in climates that have relatively mild/cool summers, with two periods of rapid growth in the spring and autumn.[30] They retain their color well in extreme cold and typically grow very dense, carpetlike lawns with relatively little thatch.

    Warm season grasses only start growth at temperatures above 10C (50F), and grow fastest when temperatures are between 25C (77F) and 35C (95F), with one long growth period over the spring and summer (Huxley 1992). They often go dormant in cooler months, turning shades of tan or brown. Many warm season grasses are quite drought tolerant, and can handle very high summer temperatures, although temperatures below 15C (5F) can kill most southern ecotype warm season grasses. The northern varieties, such as buffalograss and blue grama, are hardy to 45C (113F).

    Carex species and cultivars are well represented in the horticulture industry as 'sedge' alternatives for 'grass' in mowed lawns and garden meadows. Both low-growing and spreading ornamental cultivars and native species are used in for sustainable landscaping as low-maintenance and drought-tolerant grass replacements for lawns and garden meadows. wildland habitat restoration projects and natural landscaping and gardens use them also for 'user-friendly' areas. The J. Paul Getty Museum has used Carex pansa (meadow sedge) and Carex praegracilis (dune sedge) expansively in the Sculpture Gardens in Los Angeles.[31]

    Some lawns are replaced with low ground covers, such as creeping thyme, camomile, Lippia, purple flowering Mazus, grey Dymondia, creeping sedums, and creeping jenny.[32]An example of this is the floral lawn in Avondale Park. Other alternatives to lawns include meadows, drought-tolerant xeriscape gardens, natural landscapes, native plant habitat gardens, paved Spanish courtyard and patio gardens, butterfly gardens, rain gardens, tapestry lawn and kitchen gardens. Trees and shrubs in close proximity to lawns provide habitat for birds in traditional, cottage and wildlife gardens.

    Seasonal lawn establishment and care varies depending on the climate zone and type of lawn grown.

    Early autumn, spring, and early summer are the primary seasons to seed, lay sod (turf), plant 'liners', or 'sprig' new lawns, when the soil is warmer and air cooler. Seeding is the least expensive, but may take longer for the lawn to be established. Aerating just before planting/seeding may promote deeper root growth and thicker turf.[33]

    Sodding (American English), or turfing (British English), provides an almost instant lawn, and can be undertaken in most temperate climates in any season, but is more expensive and more vulnerable to drought until established. Hydroseeding is a quick, less expensive method of planting large, sloped or hillside landscapes. Some grasses and sedges are available and planted from 'liner' and 4-inch (100mm) containers, from 'flats', 'plugs' or 'sprigs', and are planted apart to grow together.

    Lawn growth, 20-hour time lapse

    Various organic and inorganic or synthetic fertilizers are available, with instant or time-release applications. Pesticides, which includes biological and chemical herbicides, insecticides and fungicides, treating diseases like gray leaf spot, are available. Consideration for their effects on the lawn and garden ecosystem and via runoff and dispersion on the surrounding environment, can constrain their use. For example, the Canadian province of Quebec and over 130 municipalities prohibit the use of synthetic lawn pesticides. In order for the lawn to grow and flourish, the soil must be prepared properly. If this step is overlooked as many do, the lawn will burn out as soon as it runs out of nutrients.[34][34] The Ontario provincial government promised on 242 September 2007 to also implement a province-wide ban on the cosmetic use of lawn pesticides, for protecting the public. Medical and environmental groups support such a ban.[35] On 22 April 2008, the Provincial Government of Ontario announced that it will pass legislation that will prohibit, province-wide, the cosmetic use and sale of lawn and garden pesticides.[36] The Ontario legislation would also echo Massachusetts law requiring pesticide manufacturers to reduce the toxins they use in production.[37]

    Sustainable gardening uses organic horticulture methods, such as organic fertilizers, biological pest control, beneficial insects, and companion planting, among other methods, to sustain an attractive lawn in a safe garden. An example of an organic herbicide is corn gluten meal, which releases an 'organic dipeptide' into the soil to inhibit root formation of germinating weed seeds. An example of an organic alternative to insecticide use is applying beneficial nematodes to combat soil-dwelling grubs, such as the larvae of chafer beetles. The Integrated Pest Management approach is a coordinated low impact approach.[38]

    Maintaining a rough lawn requires only occasional cutting with a suitable machine, or grazing by animals. Maintaining a smooth and closely cut lawn, be it for aesthetic or practical reasons or because social pressure from neighbors and local municipal ordinances requires it,[39] necessitates more organized and regular treatments. Usually once a week is adequate for maintaining a lawn in most climates. However, in the hot and rainy seasons of regions contained in hardiness zones greater than 8, lawns may need to be maintained up to two times a week.[40]

    The prevalence of the lawns in films such as Pleasantville and Edward Scissorhands alludes to the importance of the lawn as a social mechanism that gives great importance to visual representation of the American suburb as well as its practised culture. It is implied that a neighbor, whose lawn is not in pristine condition, is morally corrupt, emphasizing the role a well-kept lawn plays in neighborly and community relationships. In both of these films, green space surrounding a house in the suburbs becomes an indicator of moral integrity as well as of social and gender norms as lawn care has long been associated with men. These lawns also reinforce class and societal norms by subtly excluding minorities who may not have been able to afford a house in the suburbs with a lawn that was the symbolic representation of safety and stability.[41] The lawn as a reflection of someone's character and the neighborhood at large is not restricted to films, the same theme is evident in The Great Gatsby, a book written by American novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald. Character Nick Carraway rents the house next to Gatsby's and fails to maintain his lawn according to West Egg standards. The rift between the two lawns troubles Gatsby to the point that he dispatches his gardener to mow Nick's grass and thereby create uniformity.[42]

    Most lawn care equipment over the decades has been advertised to men, and companies have long associated good lawn care with good citizenship in their marketing campaigns. As well, the appearance of a healthy lawn was meant to imply the health of the man taking care of it; controlled weeds and strict boundaries became a practical application of the desire to control nature, as well as an expression of control over their personal lives once working full-time became central to suburban success. Women were encultured over time to view the lawn as part of the household, as an essential furnishing, and to encourage their husbands to maintain a lawn for the family and community reputation.[11]

    During World War II, women became the focus of lawn-care companies in the absence of their husbands and sons. The lawn was promoted as a necessary means by which women could help support their male family members and American patriotism as a whole. The image of the lawn changed from focusing on technology and manhood to emphasizing aesthetic pleasure and the health benefits derived from its maintenance; it was assumed that women would not respond positively to images of efficiency and power. The language of these marketing campaigns still intended to imbue the female population with notions of family, motherhood, and the duties of a wife; it has been argued that this was done so that it would be easier for men returning from war to resume the roles their wives had taken over in their absence. This was especially apparent in the 1950s and 1960s, when lawn-care rhetoric emphasized the lawn as a husband's responsibility and as a pleasurable hobby when he retired.[11]

    The lawn aesthetic in Europe and Australia seems to exhibit the same cultural tendencies as a representation of order, power over nature, patriotism, and suburban family life while still adhering to other gender constructs present throughout the world's suburbs. However, there are differences in the particulars of lawn maintenance and appearance, such as the length of the grass, species (and therefore its color), and mowing.[27][43]

    Greater amounts of chemical fertilizer and pesticides are used per surface area of lawn than on an equivalent surface of cultivated farmland,[44] and the continued use of these products has been associated with environmental pollution, disturbance in the lawn ecosystem, and increased health risks to the local human and wildlife population.[45] It has also been estimated that more herbicides are applied per surface of lawn than are used by most farmers to grow crops.[21][clarification needed]

    Other concerns, criticisms, and ordinances regarding lawns arise from wider environmental consequences:

    Maintaining a green lawn sometimes requires large amounts of water. This is not normally a problem in the temperate British Isles, where the concept of the lawn originated, as natural rainfall is usually sufficient to maintain a lawn's health, although in times of drought hosepipe bans may be implemented by the water suppliers.[50] The exportation of the lawn ideal to more arid regions of the world, however, such as the U.S. Southwest and Australia, has crimped already scarce water resources in such areas, requiring larger, more environmentally invasive water supply systems. Grass typically goes dormant during cold, winter months, and during hot, dry summer months turns brown, thereby reducing its demand for water. Most grasses typically recover quite well from a drought, but many property owners consider the brown "dead" appearance unacceptable, or are misled by it, and increase watering during the summer months.

    In the United States, 50 to 70% of residential water is used for landscaping, most of it to water lawns.[47] A 2005 NASA study "conservatively" estimated there was 128,000 square kilometres (49,000sqmi; 32,000,000 acres) of irrigated lawn in the US, three times the area of irrigated corn.[51]

    It is possible that lawn maintenance could come at the expense of precious resources, especially when faced with extreme weather conditions. This situation is described in Water in Australia by David Ingle Smith, who observed in 1995 data that under extreme conditions during summer drought periods, up to 90% of the water used in Canberra, Australia was applied to lawns.[52]

    An increased concern from the general public over pesticide and fertilizer use and their associated health risks, combined with the implementation of the legislation, such as the US Food Quality Protection Act, has resulted in the reduced presence of synthetic chemicals, namely pesticides, in urban landscapes such as lawns in the late 20th century.[53] Many of these concerns over the safety and environmental impact of some of the synthetic fertilizers and pesticides has led to their ban by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and many local governments.[45] The use of pesticides and other chemicals to care for lawns has also led to the death of nearly 7 million birds each year, a topic that was central to Silent Spring by the conservationist Rachel Carson.[21]

    In the United States, lawn heights are generally maintained by gasoline-powered lawnmowers, which contribute to urban smog during the summer months. The EPA found, in some urban areas, up to 5% of smog was due to small gasoline engines made before 1997, such as are typically used on lawnmowers. Since 1997, the EPA has mandated emissions controls on newer engines in an effort to reduce smog.[54]

    A 2010 study seemed to show lawn care inputs were balanced by the carbon sequestration benefits of lawns, and they may not be contributors to anthropogenic global warming.[55][56]

    However, lawns with high maintenance (mowing, irrigation, and leaf blowing) and high fertilization rates have a net emission of carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide that have large global warming potential.[57]

    With the use of ecological techniques including organic lawn management, the impact of lawns can be reduced. Such methods include the use of native grasses, sedges, and low herbs; higher mowing techniques; low volume irrigation, "grasscycling" grass clippings in place; an integrated pest management program; exclusive organic fertilizer and compost use; and including a variety of trees, shrubs, perennials, and other plants surrounding the lawn. A positive benefit of a healthy lawn is it filters contaminants and prevents runoff and erosion of bare soil.[citation needed]

    Replacing turf grass with low-maintenance groundcovers or employing a variety of low-maintenance perennials, trees and shrubs[46] can be a good alternative to traditional lawn spaces, especially in hard-to-grow or hard-to-mow areas, as it can reduce maintenance requirements, associated pollution and offers higher aesthetic and wildlife value.[58]

    Some environmental organizations, with the support of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, concerned by the decline in the number of bees worldwide, in the first day of Bees' Needs Week 2018 (an annual week-long event arranged by Defra that is meant to raise awareness of the effects caused upon bees by human activity, lasting from 9-15 July), give some recommendations of ways to preserve bees.

    The recommendations include to:

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