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    Category: Walkways and Steps


    Concrete Steps & Stairways – Stamped & Colored Concrete … - October 8, 2019 by admin

    Concrete steps or terraced stairways are the most prominent feature at the entryway of many homes and public buildings, yet too often they get relegated to purely utilitarian status. Elevating concrete stairs from bland to grand makes them the dramatic focal point of any entrance. Even greater visual impact is possible by combining decorative stairways with stamped or stained concrete walkways and landings that incorporate coordinating colors and patterns.

    Concrete steps can be poured right along with your walkways or entryway, so they can be colored and textured to match. Precast concrete steps and precast concrete stairs are also an option. If you know just where they are needed, you can have the steps built off-site and installed later on your project.

    Once you work with a contractor to come up with a functional concrete stair design, you can begin narrowing down your decorative options. Here are some ideas for creating concrete stairways that are a step above the ordinary. For more inspiration, browse through our photo gallery or ask contractors to show you portfolios of their past projects.

    The same methods used for coloring exterior concrete flatwork are equally suitable for stairways. The most popular include adding integral color, staining, and applying dry-shake color hardener. Some contractors combine these techniques to produce unique color variations and marbling effects. Color hardener and integral color are the methods most commonly used with stamped concrete, with each offering advantages and disadvantages. Stairways are often easier to color integrally because of their vertical step faces. But if you want the richness of color and added durability provided by a dry shake, it is possible to apply the hardener to stair risers if it's mixed into a paste first, says Chris Sullivan, Vice President of Sales and Marketing for ChemSystems Inc. He advises contractors to mix the color hardener with water and a concrete bonding agent to achieve a consistency similar to cake icing and then apply the paste with a small trowel or float before stamping.

    There are literally hundreds of stamp patterns to choose from, ranging from slate, to brick, to cobblestone, to botanical and wildlife themes. Because today's stamping mats are often molded from the actual materials they mimic, they produce amazingly realistic results. By extending the pattern from sidewalk to stairway to landing, the overall effect is even more impressive.

    Contractors can make a seamless transition from flat surfaces to steps by using thin flex mats or texture skins in the same pattern as the rigid mats used for stamping the concrete flatwork. Made from a pliable urethane, these mats are easily bent to a 90-degree angle to conform to stair risers. Another handy way to imprint granite, slate, and other stone-like textures on narrow step treads and vertical faces is to use small texture rollers, such as these from Butterfield Color.

    With an exposed-aggregate finish, you can produce spectacular effects at a reasonable cost. Many types and sizes of decorative aggregate are available to achieve unlimited color and texture variations. Exposed aggregate also contrasts beautifully with plain concrete or other decorative treatments such as stamping, staining, and integral coloring. On exterior stairways, an exposed-aggregate finish offers the additional benefits of being nonskid and resistant to heavy foot traffic and weather extremes.

    Specially molded polyurethane form liners make it easy to cast concrete steps that resemble slabs of quarried stone. Photo courtesy of Brickform.

    Textured liners designed specifically for use with step forms make it possible to mold rustic cut-stone profiles in step faces. Step-Liners produce amazing depth of relief of up to 1 1/2 inches. They are made from a reusable polyurethane material and are simply attached to the inside of the riser form before the concrete is poured.

    Rather than going with a sharp 90-degree step edge, you can create a variety of curved architectural profiles by using step liners made of polystyrene foam. Suppliers include Proline Concrete Tools, Brickform and Butterfield Color.

    These foam forms adhere to the inside of the formwork and can accommodate various step heights. They also can be bent to conform to curvilinear steps.

    Pac West Coatings in Carson, CA

    Many decorative sidewalk projects will require steps to transition from one elevation to another, especially at entryways. To achieve a cohesive visual effect with greater dramatic impact, consider combining decorative concrete walkways with stamped or stained stairways and landings that incorporate coordinating colors and patterns.

    Stairs and walkways share many of the same basic concrete requirements and safety considerations. Plus, the same methods used for coloring exterior concrete flatwork are equally suitable for stairways. The most popular include adding integral color, staining and applying dry-shake color hardener. Some contractors combine these techniques to produce unique color variations and marbling effects.

    When planning the look of your concrete stairway, don't sacrifice functionality for flair. The most important dimensions are the riser height and tread depth. They should be in proportions that will comfortably accommodate the average person's stride. Although the ratio can vary depending on the application, local building codes often dictate the minimum and maximum riser heights and minimum tread depth. The 7-11 rule is one that's frequently used (maximum riser height of 7 inches and minimum tread depth of 11 inches). Risers should also be at least 4 inches in height.

    Quikrete recommends using the following riser/tread proportions when building concrete steps:

    Poorly designed, unsafe stairways are a common cause of slips and falls. Here are some important tips for reducing injuries:

    To prevent tripping, make sure all risers and treads are uniform throughout a flight. A Design Guide for Home Safety, published by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, recommends keeping variations in riser height and tread width in a flight of stairs to less than 3/16 inch.

    Using round nosings and enhancing stairs visually with contrasting colors or patterns to make edges more distinct will also help to prevent missteps.

    Treads narrower than 9 inches in width result in the greatest number of tripping accidents, according to research done at Cornell University. The research also indicates that tread widths of 10 to 13 inches and riser heights of 6 to 8 inches are the most foot-friendly.

    Light fixtures inset into this step face help prevent dangerous stumbles after dark.

    Make sure stairs are well lit at night by using overhead lighting and keep light levels consistent in transitions between stairways and surrounding areas.

    Absence of handrails accounts for a large percentage of falls on stairways, according to Cornell. Rails for stairs should be continuous and installed at a height that accommodates most users. National and state building codes stipulate heights ranging from 34 to 38 inches.

    Add texture to the concrete treads to make them slip resistant. This can be done by using a textured finish, such as exposed aggregate, or by adding an anti-slip grit to the protective sealer coat.

    ArtistiCrete, LLC in Noblesville, IN

    Concrete mixtures for exterior stairways should meet the same performance requirements as those for other outdoor slabs: resistance to freezing and thawing and deicing chemicals (in cold climates), low permeability, wear resistance, and strength. Stairways, in particular, are likely to be exposed to deicing salts in the winter to prevent slips and falls. Plus, step edges may be prone to chipping and spalling if the concrete is weak or not allowed to cure properly. For the best performance in all weather conditions, instruct your contractor to use a concrete mix design with a low water-cement ratio and adequate air entrainment. (See What Is Concrete? for more information about desired concrete properties and the impact of water-cement ratio on concrete quality.)

    Calculating the amount of concrete needed for steps or stairs can seem tricky, but just follow this example:

    If there are three steps leading up to a porch:

    Here is an example:

    Use this handy concrete calculator to help you do the math.

    Case Studies

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    Concrete Steps & Stairways - Stamped & Colored Concrete ...

    Step by Step Directions – cvgairport.com - October 8, 2019 by admin

    Terminal Ticketing

    Welcome to the Greater Cincinnati Northern Kentucky International Airport. All airline and baggage check-in occurs on the ticketing level. To your right of the main entrance are American, United, Air Canada, Frontier, Allegiant and other scheduled charter airlines. The furthest distance is less than 250 feet.

    To your left is Delta with the furthest distance less than 225 feet. From the main entrance center, flight information monitors showing arrival and departure flights are located on either side and less than 70 feet away.

    An airport directory is located on the pedestrian bridge connecting both ticketing halls and less than 70 feet away from the information monitors.

    After completing check-in, proceed along the pedestrian bridge towards security. The distance between the bridge and security entrance is less than 200 feet away.

    To the right side of the pedestrian bridge are mens, womens and family restrooms. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    Be sure to check your boarding pass prior to entering security to select your correct entry point.

    Digital signage identifies each lane entrance. The general entrance pointthe assistance lane, accessible for passengers with service animals, wheelchairs, or strollers. And, the Pre-check entrance for passengers with the Pre-check symbol on their boarding pass.

    Security wait times can be found on a monitor at the center of the security entrance, or by visiting cvgairport.com.

    After clearing security and proceeding down two escalators, you will be in the transportation hall, which connects to the gates in concourse A or B. Flight information monitors are to your right.

    As you proceed forward, near the center of the terminal transportation hall is an airport directory. Your options to connect to the concourses are the trains on either side, moving walkways, or walking.

    To see current routes, look for the information screens above the train entry doors. The furthest distance between the terminal and concourse B is less than 1500 feet. Typical travel time between the terminal and concourse B is 4 minutes by train or 6 minutes by walking. Travel to concourse A is half that amount of time from either the terminal or concourse B.

    An airport directory is located near the center of the Concourse A Transportation Hall. When facing the escalators, stay to your right for the up escalator or proceed between the escalators for the elevator. The distance from the center of the transportation hall to the escalators is less than 200 feet.

    Immediately to the right of the up escalators are flight information monitors, which are located on both the lower and upper floors.

    In the center hub, you will see an information desk staffed by community ambassadors. An airport directory is also available.

    From the center hub, turn right for the hallway leading to gates A4 through A23. The distance between the center and furthest gate is less than 1200 feet or 4 minutes walking. Moving walkways are also available. The nearest restrooms are located to your right and less than 150 feet away.

    Gates A4 through A23 lead to a center hub where you will find an information desk staffed by community ambassadors. The distance between the furthest gate and center hub is less than 1200 feet or 4 minutes by walking. Moving walkways are also available along the path. Please be aware that mens, womens, and family restrooms are located throughout concourse A and are all wheelchair accessible.

    Proceed down to the lower level transportation hall and follow signs for baggage claim and ground transportation. Stay to your right for the down escalator or elevator.

    When you reach the transportation hall, continue straight ahead for the trains. Riding the train to the terminal takes just 2 minutes. To walk, turn left between the escalators. Walking to the terminal is less than 750 feet or 3 minutes.

    Near the center of the Concourse B transportation hall is an airport directory. Flight information monitors are located immediately to the left of the up escalators. When facing the escalators, stay to your right for the up escalator or proceed between the escalators for the elevator. The distance from the center of the transportation hall to the escalators is less than 200 feet.

    As you arrive in the center hub, please look for signs to mens, womens and family restrooms, which are located throughout concourse B. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    In the center hub, you will also see an airport directory, and an information desk staffed by community ambassadors. The distance between the center and furthest gate is less than 1,050 feet or 3 minutes by walking. Moving walkways are also available for your convenience.

    From the center hub, turn right for the hallway leading to gates B1 through B12. The food court is located in the center hub, with other food options available nearby. Turn left for the hallway leading to gates B13 through B28.

    All B gates lead to a center hub where you will find an information desk and airport directory. The distance to the furthest gate is less than 1,050 feet or 3 minutes by walking. For your convenience, moving walkways are also available.

    Please note mens, womens and family restrooms are located throughout concourse A. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    Proceed down to the lower level to get to the transportation hall.

    Follow the signs for baggage claim and ground transportation. Stay to your right for the down escalator or elevator.

    Upon reaching the transportation hall, continue straight ahead for the trains or walking option. Taking the train to the terminal is 4 minutes. Walking is less than 1,500 feet or 6 minutes. Moving walkways are also available.

    Welcome to the United States of America. Were honored to be the port of entry for guests visiting the region or friends and family returning home. Please note: no cameras, cell phones or recording devices are permitted in this area until cleared by security.

    All arriving international customers are required to complete TSA screening prior to entry into the same concourse as departing domestic flights. Please note: liquids in excess of 3.4 ounces must be placed in checked luggage, which can be retrieved at the Terminal Baggage Claim. If connecting to another Delta flight, continue straight to gates B1 through B28.

    After exiting security, take the down escalators or elevator to the transportation hall. Follow the signs for Baggage Claim and Ground Transportation to exit the airport.

    Continue straight ahead for the trains or walking option. The train to the Terminal is 4 minutes. Walking is less than 1500 feet or 6 minutes. Moving walkways are also available. escalators are to the left and right for all Concourse B departure gates.

    Upon reaching the Terminal transportation hall, continue straight ahead for the Single airport exit. Guests awaiting your arrival are invited to wait in the glassed-in welcome point areas on either side of the exit.

    For security purposes, please do not stop in the exit lane. Re-entry to the secure side is only permitted through TSA screening during operating hours.

    Upon exiting, to your left are escalators to and from the ticketing level. Proceed down the center for the elevator to all terminal levels. Stay right for the private car meeting point and take the up escalators for baggage claim and ground transportation.

    From the central hub of baggage claim, overhead monitors indicate the assigned carousel number for your flight. Carousels 1 through 3 are located to the left of the monitors. Carousels 4 through 6 are located to the right. Oversized items may be claimed near carousel 1.

    To the right and less than 75 feet away are mens, womens, and family restrooms. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    Proceed straight ahead for the ground transportation center where you will find rental cars, hotel shuttles, private vehicles and public transportation. The furthest distance from Carousel 1 to the Ground transportation center is less than 850 feet away.

    All other customers may proceed to the front exits for Valet parking, ValuPark shuttle, off-airport parking operators, ride share apps and taxis. Regular passenger pick-up occurs on the outer curb. The parking garage is accessible from the baggage claim and ticketing levels.

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    Step by Step Directions - cvgairport.com

    101 Walkway Ideas and Designs (Photos) - September 28, 2019 by admin

    Discover all kinds of walkway ideas in this extensive front and backyard walkway photo gallery. Brick, pavers, flagstone, concrete, gravel walkways and more.- Advertisement -

    Welcome to todays gallery, featuring pictures of walkway ideas in a multitude of materials and styles including pavers, flagstone, brick, concrete, wood, pebble, stone, gravel and more.

    Our gallery features front yard and backyard walkways. Enjoy the gallery.

    Above is a bark mulch walkway lined by short boxwood hedge and surrounded by a beautiful flower garden. This is a great example of a nice garden walkway.

    Heres a more substantial finely crushed gravel walkway lined by grass and fabulous curving boxwood hedge.

    Long wood walkway at rear of beach house mansion on Lake Michigan. See this home here.

    Long concrete walkway surrounded by red flowers and green plants.

    Paver walkway leading to the mansions beautiful garden area.

    Enchanting brick walkway surrounded by stunning and healthy greenery.

    Lovely white concrete walkway surrounded by the beautiful nature.

    Brick walkway leading to the mansions beautiful garden. There are bench seats all over the walkway.

    Beautiful concrete walkway in the middle of the lawn and gravel area.

    Stone and concrete walkway surrounded by beautiful greenery..

    Lovely stone and walkway with wooden steps leading to the propertys gorgeous garden area.

    Enchanting stone walkway surrounded by beautiful Japanese-style plants and trees.

    Glamorous walkway with wooden steps surrounded by lovely plants and other greens.

    A man installing a stone walkway on this large garden area.

    This walkway with wooden steps leads to the gardens peak offering a stunning view.

    Massive stepping stones walkway on the seafloor.

    This pebble walkway with concrete steps is surrounded by magnificent plants and trees.

    Pebble stone walkway surrounded by a beautiful greenery.

    Stylish mosaic pebble walkway in the middle of a stunning greenery.

    Stunning pebble walkway with wooden steps set in the middle of the lawn area.

    This property boasts a mosaic pebble walkway leading to the gorgeous garden area.

    This walkway features concrete steps in the middle of the homes beautiful garden area.

    White pebble walkway features red flagstone steps, surrounded by concrete edging.

    Walkways are probably one of the oldest human constructions. They serve one of the most basic functions for our society: helping us get from point A to point B.

    In modern times, theyre mostly relegated to parks and recreational spaces, but many peoplestill yearn for the traditional pleasures of a beautiful walking path.

    This collection features a number of different styles of walkway patterns in brick, flagstone, and even wood. We feature every permutation fromsolid, unbroken pathswithelaborately patterned constructions, toloosely strung together walkways consisting of single points along a vaguely defined line.

    Some of these are more functional than others, giving safe passage through thick foliage or undulating terrain.

    Some are crafted with visual pleasure in mind, mixing textures and colors to create an arresting display. Each and every example brings nuance, detail, and sharp contrast to the yard in which it resides.

    We hope you enjoy this collection of standout walkway designs and ideas as much as we have!

    Home Stratosphere is an award-winning home and garden online publication thats a result of our talented researchers and writers who work directly with hundreds of professional interior designers, furniture designers, landscape designers and architects from around the world to create helpful, informative, entertaining and inspiring articles and design galleries.

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    101 Walkway Ideas and Designs (Photos)

    Patios, Walkways and Steps – ALBA Contractors - September 21, 2019 by admin

    Concrete is also quite versatile. A simple finish can provide you with the benefits of its durability. Or choose a decorative option to give your patio or walkway a unique and distinguished appearance and durability.

    Cobblestones, bricks or pavers can be used. They are all more costly than concrete.

    All of these options tend to pop or sink leading to a surface that is not level due to the climate in Northeast Ohio. During the snowy winter they can make it harder to shovel. The space between them becomes a great spot for weeds to grow in warmer weather.

    Another option people consider to hide existing concrete is putting a stone overlay on top of the concrete. This material loosens easily and deteriorates quickly when installed over damaged concrete. An overlay also creates height differences that often arent taken into consideration before the product is applied. There will be a difference where the new surface meets existing surfaces like garage floors and driveways. Other downsides are that the overlay material is porous (more likely to stain) and its susceptible to chemical damage.

    When replacing your existing patio, walkway or steps, planning comes first. You may want, or have to, place the patio, walkway or steps in the same location. Or you may have the option of placing them in a new and better location. When the new patio or walkway is installed it may be a good time to resolve some grading.

    For your new project you can choose between several standard finishes or decide to add visual appeal by having the concrete stamped and/or colored.

    If you already know exactly what you want great! If not, ALBA Contractors Inc.s courteous staff can provide you with professional guidance with the planning stage.

    The first step in replacing your existing patio, walkway or steps is demolition of the existing materials. ALBA Contractors Inc. employs a skilled demolition crew who will remove your old patio, walkway or steps quickly and with the least amount of disturbance. All debris will be removed and disposed of properly.

    The quality of your new concrete is directly related to the use of high quality materials and the skill of the crew. ALBA Contractors Inc. doesnt cut corners and youll see details of that in a moment where quality is explained. The installation of your new project will be done by skilled trade people with the ability and experience to properly perform each step of the process. Each step impacts the final quality and durability of your new concrete patio, walkway or steps.

    If your project is to install a new patio, walkway or steps then you have many options available to you. Design and planning is an important part of this process, and the trained and courteous professionals of ALBA Contractors Inc. are available to help you.

    Your new patio, walkway or steps could have a standard finish like a broom finish or hand finish. Or you may choose add a decorative finish like stamped and/or colored concrete to enhance the look. With these you can have the decorative appearance, feel, and color of brick, tile, slate, or stone.

    The quality and durability of your new patio, walkway or steps is a direct outcome of the use of high quality materials and the skill of the installation crew. In a moment youll see details of how ALBA Contractors Inc. doesnt cut corners where quality is explained.

    No one else takes care of you like we do. After the work is complete, ALBA Contractors Inc. will power wash to make sure everything is cleaned up. Whether theres dirt on your street, house or even your car, well make sure your place is clean.

    One of the biggest aggravations for homeowners after getting a new patio or walkway is that installers leave a gap between the new concrete and the lawn. In order to install the forms for the new concrete, the adjacent area must be cut back about 4. This area is usually your lawn. You will not have to deal with the hassle of filling this in or getting someone else to do it when you choose ALBA Contractors Inc., well take care of this restoration for you, leaving you with a truly completed project!

    There are a lot of factors that affect the quality of your concrete. These factors affect not only how your new patio, walkway or steps look when completed but also their lifetime and durability.

    Unfortunately these factors also provide a way for other contractors to cut corners. Thats why we think you should know a few things

    The right concrete mix is critical to the outcome of your project. The concrete mix used by ALBA Contractors Inc. is a special mix developed from our 20 years of experience to be the best for use in the climate of the Cleveland area. Its important to know too that we will not water down the concrete mix to make it cheaper or easier to install.

    The proper depth of concrete required for your project will be used.

    Overworking concrete once its poured will reduce its strength. Quickly and properly working concrete requires not only skill and training but also the proper tools. The installers of ALBA Contractors Inc. are skilled and trained, and they have the right tools to prevent overworking of the concrete.

    Make sure youre getting quality when choosing the contractor for your concrete driveway.

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    Patios, Walkways and Steps - ALBA Contractors

    How to Build a Stone Walkway in 14 Easy Steps – The Spruce - June 1, 2019 by admin

    Building a stone walkway is a wonderful way to enhance the "country" feel of a yard, being quite in keeping with a cottage garden design. A brick path, by contrast, will complement a formal landscape design. The project described below is well-suited for do-it-yourselfers, although some heavy lifting may be required.

    Many people use "flagstone" (picture) for projects of this nature; the material that you, yourself end up obtaining for the job may or may not go by this name.The main thing to remember when making your selection is that theideal material for this project will consist of the largest, flattest solid rocks you can find and maneuver. A two-inch thickness should be considered the minimum; the instructions below use three-inch thick pieces. Keep in mind that greater mass equals greater stability.

    You've probably seen people build brick or flagstone walkways across their yards that arecurved, rather than going straight from point A to point B. Building curved walkways serves anaestheticlandscape design purpose.

    Building curved walkways softens the landscape by counteracting rigid lines (a rectangular house, a straight driveway, etc.). If the walkway cuts through an area with great visual interest (for instance, a variety of garden and flower beds, shrubs, trees, statuary, water garden, rock garden, etc.), building a curved walkway makes more sense than a straight, no-nonsense walkway. You'll want to meander through such an area, slowing down to fully appreciate its treasures.

    But don't go crazy and build all your walkways or pathways curved, indiscriminately. It depends on the function of the walkway. If you're building a utilitarian walkway (such as providing a path for you to haul groceries into the house from the car), you will normally want to build a straight walkway.

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    How to Build a Stone Walkway in 14 Easy Steps - The Spruce

    Walkways | Public Works and Environmental Services - June 1, 2019 by admin

    The walkway system in Fairfax County consists of sidewalks, trails and pedestrian bridges, along with their associated steps, handrails, handicapped ramps or signs.

    Sidewalks in the public street right-of-way (i.e., alongside public roads) generally are maintained either by the Virginia Department of Transportation (1-800-FOR-ROAD (367-7623), TTY 711) or the countyMaintenance & Stormwater Management Division (703-877-2800, TTY 711). All public sidewalks constructed prior to 1981 are maintained by the state. Sidewalks along private roads, as in many homeowner/civic associations or commercial properties, are property owner responsibility.

    Maintenance of trails (generally asphalt, stone dust, wood chip or natural surface) and pedestrian bridges may fall under different authorities such as the state, the county, Fairfax County Public Schools, Fairfax County Park Authority, the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority, homeowner/civic associations or private property owners.

    Note: All vehicular bridgesin public roadways are maintained by the Virginia Department of Transportation.

    For assistance determining maintenance responsibility for a sidewalk, trail or pedestrian bridge, please use the online Walkway Maintenance Request Form or call the Maintenance & Stormwater Management Division at 703-877-2800, TTY 711.

    For information about requesting new walkways, please contact the Department of Transportation Pedestrian Program, 703-877-5600, TTY 711.

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    Walkways | Public Works and Environmental Services

    Platforms Walkways Steps – davitmaster.com - March 20, 2019 by admin

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    1' x 16' Aluminum Walkway. Comes with mounting hardware. Gain the ease of access to your boat with a..

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    1' x 24' Aluminum Walkway. Comes with mounting hardware. Gain the ease of access to your boat with a..

    $1,086.00

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    2' x 16' Aluminum Walkway. Comes with mounting hardware. Gain the ease of access to your boat with a..

    $1,539.00

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    2' x 24' Aluminum Walkway. Comes with mounting hardware. Gain the ease of access to your boat with a..

    $2,062.00

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    Aluminum Diamond Plate Steps with safety hand rail. Bolts down in 6 places for extra stability. A ve..

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    Aluminum Diamond Plate Steps with Handrail. 3 steps, 24" tall and 12" wide. Bolts down in 6 places f..

    $838.00

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    Aluminum Diamond Plate Steps with Safety Hand Rail. 48 inches tall, 12 inches wide. Bolts down in si..

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    Metal Flooring, Walkways & Steps | Graepel Perforators - March 20, 2019 by admin

    Graepels offer an extensive range of anti slip flooring with over 20 different types of walkway products for domestic, architectural and industrial applications.

    Like all of our products, SafeDeck Metal Flooring is manufactured to the highest quality and is tested for slip resistance. Further information is available on our catalogues which are available to download here, or you can view our Technical Information catalogue by clicking the box further down on this page.

    Please feel free to review the topic of chequer plate as a high slip potential especially when wet.

    You can also view information about Metal and ProfiledPedestrian surfaces provided by the HSA by clicking the logo below.

    Oil Rigs, Marinas, Fire Escapes, Balconies, Platforms, Ramps, Aviation Maintenance and Assembly Platforms, Industrial Ladders and Bridges. Architectural applications include,Cladding, Balustrade Infill, Fencing and Weather Screen Applications.

    Some finished include Painting, Anodising, Galvanising, Polishing, and Blasting. Please contact us for details.

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    Metal Flooring, Walkways & Steps | Graepel Perforators

    Moving walkway – Wikipedia - March 20, 2019 by admin

    A moving walkway, also known as an autowalk[1], moving sidewalk[2], moving pavement[3], travolator,[4] or travelator,[5] is a slow-moving conveyor mechanism that transports people across a horizontal or inclined plane over a short to medium distance.[6] Moving walkways can be used by standing or walking on them. They are often installed in pairs, one for each direction.

    The first moving walkway debuted at the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. It had two different divisions: one where passengers were seated, and one where riders could stand or walk. It ran in a loop down the length of a lakefront pier to a casino.[7] Six years later a moving walkway was also presented to the public at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900. The walkway consisted of three elevated platforms, the first was stationary, the second moved at a moderate speed, and the third at about ten kilometers per hour (six miles per hour). These demonstrations likely served as inspiration for some of H. G. Wells' settings mentioned in the "Science Fiction" section below.

    The Beeler Organization, a New York City consulting firm, proposed a Continuous Transit System with Sub-Surface Moving Platforms for Atlanta in 1924, with a design roughly similar to the Paris Exposition system. The proposed drive system used a linear induction motor. The system was not constructed.

    The first commercial moving walkway in the United States was installed in 1954 in Jersey City, NJ, inside the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Erie station at the Pavonia Terminal. Named the "Speedwalk" and built by Goodyear, it was 84.5 meters (277 feet) long and moved up a 10 percent grade at a speed of 2.4km/h (1.5mph).[8] The walkway was removed a few years later when traffic patterns at the station changed.

    The first moving walkway in an airport was installed in 1958 at Love Field in Dallas, Texas. On January 1, 1960, Tina Marie Brandon, age 2, was killed on the moving sidewalk.[9]

    Moving walkways generally move at a slower speed than a natural walking pace, and even when people continue walking after they step on a moving walkway they tend to slow their pace to compensate, thus moving walkways only minimally improve travel times and overall transport capacity.[10]

    Moving walkways are built in one of two basic styles:

    Both types of moving walkway have a grooved surface to mesh with combplates at the ends. Also, nearly all moving walkways are built with moving handrails similar to those on escalators.[11]

    In the 1970s, Dunlop developed the Speedaway system.[12] It was in fact an invention by Gabriel Bouladon and Paul Zuppiger of the Battelle Memorial Institute at their former Geneva, Switzerland facility. A prototype was built and demonstrated at the Battelle Institute in Geneva in the early 1970s, as can be attested by a (French-speaking) Swiss television program entitled Un Jour une Heure aired in October 1974. The great advantage of the Speedaway, as compared to the then existing systems, was that the embarking/disembarking zone was both wide and slow-moving (up to four passengers could embark simultaneously, equating to around 10,000 per hour), whereas the transportation zone was narrower and fast-moving.

    The entrance to the system was like a very wide escalator, with broad metal tread plates of a parallelogram shape. After a short distance the tread plates were accelerated to one side, sliding past one another to form progressively into a narrower but faster-moving track which travelled at almost a right angle to the entry section. The passenger was accelerated through a parabolic path to a maximum design speed 15km/h (9mph). The experience was unfamiliar to passengers, who needed to understand how to use the system to be able to do so safely. Developing a moving hand-rail for the system presented a challenge, also solved by the Battelle team. The Speedaway was intended to be used as a stand-alone system over short distances or to form acceleration and deceleration units providing entry and exit means for a parallel conventional (but fast-running) Starglide walkway which covered longer distances. The system was still in development in 1975 but never went into commercial production.

    Another attempt at an accelerated walkway in the 1980s was the TRAX (Trottoir Roulant Acclr), which was developed by Dassault and RATP and whose prototype was installed at Invalides station in Paris. The speed at entry and exit was 3km/h (1.9mph), while the maximum speed was 15km/h (9.3mph). It was a technical failure due to its complexity, and was never commercially exploited.

    In the mid-1990s, the Loderway Moving Walkway company patented and licensed a design to a number of larger moving walkway manufacturers. Trial systems were installed at Flinders Street railway station in Melbourne and Brisbane Airport Australia. These met with a positive response from the public, but no permanent installations were made. This system is of the belt type, with a sequence of belts moving at different speeds to accelerate and decelerate riders. A sequence of different speed handrails is also used.

    In 2002, CNIM designed and installed the experimental, 185-metre (607ft) trottoir roulant rapide high-speed walkway in the MontparnasseBienvene station in France. At first it operated at a speed of 12km/h (7.5mph) but was later reduced to 9km/h (5.6mph) due to safety concerns. As the design of the walkway requires riders to have at least one hand free to hold the handrail, those carrying bags, shopping, etc., or who are infirm or physically disabled, must use the ordinary walkway beside it, and staff were positioned at each end to determine who could and who could not use it.[13]

    Using this walkway is similar to using any other moving walkway, except that there are special procedures to follow when entering or exiting at either end. On entering, there is a 10-metre (33ft) acceleration zone where the "ground" is a series of metal rollers. Riders stand still with both feet on these rollers and use one hand to hold the handrail and let it pull them so that they glide over the rollers. The idea is to accelerate the riders so that they will be traveling fast enough to step onto the moving walkway belt. Riders who try to walk on these rollers are at significant risk of falling over. Once on the walkway, riders can stand or walk as on an ordinary moving walkway. At the exit, the same technique is used to decelerate the riders. Users step onto a series of rollers which decelerate them slowly, rather than the abrupt halt which would otherwise take place.

    The walkway proved to be unreliable, leading to many users losing their balance and having accidents. Consequently, it was removed by RATP in 2011 after nine years in service, being replaced with a standard moving walkway.

    In 2007, ThyssenKrupp installed two high-speed walkways in Terminal 1 at Toronto Pearson International Airport.[14] They connect the international gates in the newly opened Pier F, located at one end of the pier, with the rest of the terminal. One walkway serves departing passengers traveling towards the gates and the other serves arriving passengers traveling towards the terminal.

    The walkway's pallet-type design accelerates and decelerates users in a manner that eliminates many of the safety risks generated by the moving belt-type used in Paris, making it suitable for use by people of all ages and sizes regardless of their health condition. The pallets "intermesh" with a comb and slot arrangement. They expand out of each other when speeding up, and compress into each other when slowing down. The handrails work in a similar manner, and because of this, there is no need to hold the handrails when entering or exiting the walkway. It moves at roughly 2km/h (1.2mph) when riders step onto it and speeds up to approximately 7km/h (4.3mph), which it remains at until near the end, where it slows back down.

    An inclined moving walkway (commonly known as an Inclinator) is a type of vertical transportation used in airports and supermarkets to move people to another floor with the convenience of an elevator (namely, that people can take along their suitcase trolley, shopping cart, or baby carriage) and the capacity of an escalator.

    The carts have either a brake that is automatically applied when the cart handle is released, strong magnets in the wheels to stay adhered to the floor, or specially designed wheels that secure the cart within the grooves of the ramp, so that wheeled items travel alongside the riders and do not slip away.

    Some department stores instead use shopping cart conveyors to transport passengers and their carts between store levels simultaneously. Walmart in Canada require users of wheelchairs and other mobility aids to be accompanied by shop staff when using their moving walkways, which they refer to as 'movators'.[15] This policy has been superseded in some stores by the installation of elevators.

    Moving walkways are frequently found in the following locations:

    Moving walkways are commonly used in larger airports, as passengers often with heavy luggage in tow typically need to walk considerable distances. Moving walkways may be used:

    Of particular note is the Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France, which has several moving walkways inside a series of futuristic suspended tubes.

    Moving walkways are useful for remote platforms in underground subway/metro stations, or assisting with lengthier connections between lines, for example:

    A moving walkway was formerly part of the complex in Spadina subway station in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Installed in 1978, it reduced the travel time needed to transfer between the platforms on the Bloor-Danforth and the Yonge-University-Spadina lines. They were removed in 2004 and patrons are now required to walk between the stations.

    Hong Kong is one of the world's most heavily populated cities, and has public escalators that connect many streets. See: CentralMid-Levels escalators

    Moving sidewalks may be used:

    The 197576 American Freedom Train did this with a moving walkway inside each successive railroad car, thus maximizing the number of people who could view the interior exhibits in the limited time the train was stopped in each town.[citation needed]

    The National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, USA, uses a moving walkway to connect the two main galleries.

    The Tower of London in London, England, uses a moving walkway where visitors are passing the cabinets which contain the Crown Jewels.

    Similar to museums, some zoological park exhibits have a moving walkway to ease guests through an animal display or habitat. An aquarium at the Mall of America does this with a moving walkway made up of specially rounded pallets that enable it to change directions en route. The San Diego Zoo uses moving ramps to help guests ascend steep grades.

    Some amusement park rides, such as continuous-motion dark rides like Disney's Omnimover rides, make use of a moving sidewalk to assist passengers in boarding and disembarking rides and attractions. Some examples include:

    The Phantom of the Opera by Andrew Lloyd Webber uses a travelator in the number 'The Phantom of the Opera' (act one, scene six), to give the illusion the Phantom and Christine are traveling the catacombs below the Paris Opera House a great distance to the Phantom's lair on the subterranean lake.

    Moving walkways known as Magic carpets are also used in ski resorts. Skiers can place their skis on the walkway, which is designed to provide a strong level of grip. Since the walkways cannot be too steep and are slow compared to other aerial lifts, they are used especially for beginners or to transport people over a short uphill distance, such as to reach a restaurant or another lift's station. Moving walkways can also be found at chairlifts' entrances to help passengers in the boarding process.

    In the UK, inclined travelators are used in stores, including Asda, B&M Bargains, IKEA, Marks & Spencer, Morrisons, Sainsbury's, and Tesco. For example, Tesco in Aberystwyth uses six inclined travelators (three up, three down in a criss-cross layout) to transport shoppers and their trolleys between the store, the rooftop car park and the under-store car park).[17][18]

    The concept of a megalopolis based on high-speed walkways is common in science fiction. The first works set in such a location are "A Story of the Days To Come" (1897) and When The Sleeper Wakes (1899) (also republished as The Sleeper Awakes), written by H. G. Wells, which take place in a future London. Thirty years later, the silent film Metropolis (1927) depicted several scenes showing moving sidewalks and escalators between skyscrapers at high levels. Later, the short story "The Roads Must Roll" (1940), written by Robert A. Heinlein, depicts the risk of a transportation strike in a society based on similar-speed sidewalks. The novel is part of the Future History saga, and takes place in 1976. Isaac Asimov, in the novel The Caves of Steel (1954) and its sequels in the Robot series, uses similar enormous underground cities with a similar sidewalk system. The period described is about the year 5,000.

    In each of these cases, there is a massive network of parallel moving belts, the inner ones moving faster. Passengers are screened from wind, and there are chairs and even shops on the belt. In the Heinlein work the fast lane runs at 160km/h (100mph), and the first "mechanical road" was built in 1960 between Cincinnati and Cleveland. The relative speed of two adjacent belts is 8.0km/h (5mph)[19] (in the book, the fast lane stops while the second lane keeps running at 153km/h (95mph)). In the Wells and Asimov works there are more steps in the speed scale and the speeds are less extreme.

    In Arthur C. Clarke's novel, Against the Fall of Night (later rewritten as The City and the Stars) the Megacity of Diaspar is interwoven with "moving ways" which, unlike Heinlein's conveyor belts, are solid floors that can mysteriously move as a fluid. In the novel, Clarke writes,

    An engineer of the ancient world would have gone slowly mad trying to understand how a solid roadway could be fixed at both ends while its centre travelled at a hundred miles an hour... The corridor still inclined upwards, and in a few hundred feet had curved through a complete right-angle. But only logic knew this: to the senses it was now as if one were being hurried along an absolutely level corridor. The fact that he was in reality travelling up a vertical shaft thousands of feet deep gave Alvin no sense of insecurity, for a failure of the polarizing field was unthinkable.

    In his non-fiction book Profiles of the Future, Arthur C. Clarke mentions moving sidewalks but made of some sort of anisotropic material that could flow in the direction of travel but hold the weight of a person. The fluid would have the advantage of offering a continuous gradient of speed from the edge to edge so there would be no jumps, and simply moving from side to side would effect a change in speed.

    In the Strugatsky brothers' Noon Universe, the worldwide network of moving roads is one of the first megaprojects undertaken on newly united Earth, before the advent of FTL starships and its consequences turned everybody's attention to the stars. These roads there are quasiliving organisms similar to Clarke's description and were used for both local commuting and long-distance non-urgent transport until their use was eclipsed by an instant teleportation network.

    The animated TV series The Jetsons depicts moving walkways everywhere, even in private homes.

    A slidewalk is a fictional moving sidewalk structurally sound enough to support buildings and large populations of travelers. Adjacent slidewalks moving at different rates could let travelers accelerate to great speeds. The term is also used colloquially for a conventional moving walkway.

    They were imagined by science fiction writer H. G. Wells in When the Sleeper Wakes. Robert A. Heinlein made them the instruments of social upheaval in the 1940 short story The Roads Must Roll. Isaac Asimov, in his Robot series, imagined slidewalks as the potential method of transportation of practically the entire urban population on Earth, with expressways moving at up to 95km/h (60mph) equipped with seating accommodations for long distance travel, and with slower subsidiary tracks branching off from the main lines. Arthur C. Clarke also used them in The City and the Stars. Larry Niven used them in Ringworld and Flatlander. Slidewalks figure prominently in the animated series "The Jetsons".

    More here:
    Moving walkway - Wikipedia

    Step by Step Directions - March 8, 2019 by admin

    Terminal Ticketing

    Welcome to the Greater Cincinnati Northern Kentucky International Airport. All airline and baggage check-in occurs on the ticketing level. To your right of the main entrance are American, United, Air Canada, Frontier, Allegiant and other scheduled charter airlines. The furthest distance is less than 250 feet.

    To your left is Delta with the furthest distance less than 225 feet. From the main entrance center, flight information monitors showing arrival and departure flights are located on either side and less than 70 feet away.

    An airport directory is located on the pedestrian bridge connecting both ticketing halls and less than 70 feet away from the information monitors.

    After completing check-in, proceed along the pedestrian bridge towards security. The distance between the bridge and security entrance is less than 200 feet away.

    To the right side of the pedestrian bridge are mens, womens and family restrooms. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    Be sure to check your boarding pass prior to entering security to select your correct entry point.

    Digital signage identifies each lane entrance. The general entrance pointthe assistance lane, accessible for passengers with service animals, wheelchairs, or strollers. And, the Pre-check entrance for passengers with the Pre-check symbol on their boarding pass.

    Security wait times can be found on a monitor at the center of the security entrance, or by visiting cvgairport.com.

    After clearing security and proceeding down two escalators, you will be in the transportation hall, which connects to the gates in concourse A or B. Flight information monitors are to your right.

    As you proceed forward, near the center of the terminal transportation hall is an airport directory. Your options to connect to the concourses are the trains on either side, moving walkways, or walking.

    To see current routes, look for the information screens above the train entry doors. The furthest distance between the terminal and concourse B is less than 1500 feet. Typical travel time between the terminal and concourse B is 4 minutes by train or 6 minutes by walking. Travel to concourse A is half that amount of time from either the terminal or concourse B.

    An airport directory is located near the center of the Concourse A Transportation Hall. When facing the escalators, stay to your right for the up escalator or proceed between the escalators for the elevator. The distance from the center of the transportation hall to the escalators is less than 200 feet.

    Immediately to the right of the up escalators are flight information monitors, which are located on both the lower and upper floors.

    In the center hub, you will see an information desk staffed by community ambassadors. An airport directory is also available.

    From the center hub, turn right for the hallway leading to gates A4 through A23. The distance between the center and furthest gate is less than 1200 feet or 4 minutes walking. Moving walkways are also available. The nearest restrooms are located to your right and less than 150 feet away.

    Gates A4 through A23 lead to a center hub where you will find an information desk staffed by community ambassadors. The distance between the furthest gate and center hub is less than 1200 feet or 4 minutes by walking. Moving walkways are also available along the path. Please be aware that mens, womens, and family restrooms are located throughout concourse A and are all wheelchair accessible.

    Proceed down to the lower level transportation hall and follow signs for baggage claim and ground transportation. Stay to your right for the down escalator or elevator.

    When you reach the transportation hall, continue straight ahead for the trains. Riding the train to the terminal takes just 2 minutes. To walk, turn left between the escalators. Walking to the terminal is less than 750 feet or 3 minutes.

    Near the center of the Concourse B transportation hall is an airport directory. Flight information monitors are located immediately to the left of the up escalators. When facing the escalators, stay to your right for the up escalator or proceed between the escalators for the elevator. The distance from the center of the transportation hall to the escalators is less than 200 feet.

    As you arrive in the center hub, please look for signs to mens, womens and family restrooms, which are located throughout concourse B. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    In the center hub, you will also see an airport directory, and an information desk staffed by community ambassadors. The distance between the center and furthest gate is less than 1,050 feet or 3 minutes by walking. Moving walkways are also available for your convenience.

    From the center hub, turn right for the hallway leading to gates B1 through B12. The food court is located in the center hub, with other food options available nearby. Turn left for the hallway leading to gates B13 through B28.

    All B gates lead to a center hub where you will find an information desk and airport directory. The distance to the furthest gate is less than 1,050 feet or 3 minutes by walking. For your convenience, moving walkways are also available.

    Please note mens, womens and family restrooms are located throughout concourse A. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    Proceed down to the lower level to get to the transportation hall.

    Follow the signs for baggage claim and ground transportation. Stay to your right for the down escalator or elevator.

    Upon reaching the transportation hall, continue straight ahead for the trains or walking option. Taking the train to the terminal is 4 minutes. Walking is less than 1,500 feet or 6 minutes. Moving walkways are also available.

    Welcome to the United States of America. Were honored to be the port of entry for guests visiting the region or friends and family returning home. Please note: no cameras, cell phones or recording devices are permitted in this area until cleared by security.

    All arriving international customers are required to complete TSA screening prior to entry into the same concourse as departing domestic flights. Please note: liquids in excess of 3.4 ounces must be placed in checked luggage, which can be retrieved at the Terminal Baggage Claim. If connecting to another Delta flight, continue straight to gates B1 through B28.

    After exiting security, take the down escalators or elevator to the transportation hall. Follow the signs for Baggage Claim and Ground Transportation to exit the airport.

    Continue straight ahead for the trains or walking option. The train to the Terminal is 4 minutes. Walking is less than 1500 feet or 6 minutes. Moving walkways are also available. escalators are to the left and right for all Concourse B departure gates.

    Upon reaching the Terminal transportation hall, continue straight ahead for the Single airport exit. Guests awaiting your arrival are invited to wait in the glassed-in welcome point areas on either side of the exit.

    For security purposes, please do not stop in the exit lane. Re-entry to the secure side is only permitted through TSA screening during operating hours.

    Upon exiting, to your left are escalators to and from the ticketing level. Proceed down the center for the elevator to all terminal levels. Stay right for the private car meeting point and take the up escalators for baggage claim and ground transportation.

    From the central hub of baggage claim, overhead monitors indicate the assigned carousel number for your flight. Carousels 1 through 3 are located to the left of the monitors. Carousels 4 through 6 are located to the right. Oversized items may be claimed near carousel 1.

    To the right and less than 75 feet away are mens, womens, and family restrooms. All CVG restrooms are wheelchair accessible.

    Proceed straight ahead for the ground transportation center where you will find rental cars, hotel shuttles, private vehicles and public transportation. The furthest distance from Carousel 1 to the Ground transportation center is less than 850 feet away.

    All other customers may proceed to the front exits for Valet parking, ValuPark shuttle, off-airport parking operators, ride share apps and taxis. Regular passenger pick-up occurs on the outer curb. The parking garage is accessible from the baggage claim and ticketing levels.

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    Step by Step Directions

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